Bali to host Indonesian coffee festival

Nurfika Osman, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Bali | Tue, August 28 2012, 6:46 PM

Bali is to host the Indonesian Coffee Festival in Ubud on Sept. 15 to 16 this year to better promote Indonesian coffee and make the country a coffee hub for the world.

Tourism and Creative Economy Deputy Minister Sapta Nirwandar said that the festival would be one of the most important tourist events of 2012 as the ministry was currently developing culinary tourism.

“Cuisine, including coffee, is strongly related to tourism, and Indonesian coffee is among the best in the world. Thus, we want more people to know our coffee better by conducting this festival,” Sapta told reporters in Jakarta on Tuesday.

“We also want to make kopi tubruk [ground coffee beans served with scalding hot water] and kopi luwak [civet coffee] more popular through the festival.”

Tuti Mochtar, a member of the festival committee, who is also a coffee producer, said there would be 40 booths in the festival serving all kinds of coffee varieties from across the country from Aceh to Papua.

In addition, she said the festival would be a place for coffee farmers, coffee producers, the Indonesian chamber of commerce and industry (Kadin) and some of the world’s best coffee distributors to meet.

“This is a good promotional tool for our coffee and we believe the event will be successful,” she said.

She said the people who came to the festival could participate in coffee and barista workshops.

“We will also have an agricultural tourism program by visiting a coffee plantation in Ubud,” she added. (swd)


Enhanced by Zemanta

Papua to send 36 tons of coffee to US

The Baliem Arabica Wamena cooperative in Jayawijaya, Papua, will send 36 tons of Arabica coffee to the US, as the region has been enjoying increases in coffee production over the past few years.

“That [36-ton export) is the first batch. The second batch will be exported in early October,” cooperative head Selion Karoba said in Jayapura on Saturday (4/6).

He stopped short, however, of disclosing the amount of the second batch.

Selion said local farmers also expected to send four tons of Arabica coffee to domestic markets in other regions in Papua, including Jayapura, Wamena, Timika and those in other provinces including Jakarta.

“We currently have only three tons in stock [for the domestic market], but seeing the rate of coffee production in several regions in the Papua central mountain range area, we’re optimistic about achieving the target,” Selion said to the press.

High demand for the coffee, he added, allowed the cooperative to increase the price from Rp 5,000 (about 59 US cents) per liter last year to Rp 6,000 per liter this year.

Source: The Jakarta Post

Enhanced by Zemanta

Arabica and Robusta Coffee Plant

Coffee Plant Overview

The coffee plant is a woody perennial evergreen dicotyledon that belongs to the Rubiaceae family. Because it grows to a relatively large height, it is more accurately described as a coffee tree. It has a main vertical trunk (orthotropic) and primary, secondary, and tertiary horizontal branches (plagiotropic).

English: Coffea arabica, Rubiaceae, Arabica Co...
English: Coffea arabica, Rubiaceae, Arabica Coffee, Mountain Coffee, unroasted beans; Ettlingen, Germany. The unroasted dried beans are used in homeopathy as remedy: Coffea (Coff.) Deutsch: Coffea arabica, Rubiaceae, Arabica-Kaffee, Bergkaffe, Ungeröstete Bohnen; Ettlingen, Deutschland. Die ungerösteten getrockneten Bohnen werden in der Homöopathie als Arzneimittel verwendet: Coffea (Coff.) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Difference Between Arabica and Robusta Coffee Beans

While there are several different coffee species, two main species of coffee are cultivated today. Coffea arabica, known as Arabica coffee, accounts for 75-80 percent of the world’s production. Coffea canephora, known as Robusta coffee, accounts for about 20 percent and differs from the Arabica coffees in terms of taste. While Robusta coffee beans are more robust than the Arabica plants, but produces an inferior tasting beverage with a higher caffeine content. Both the Robusta and Arabica coffee plant can grow to heights of 10 meters if not pruned, but producing countries will maintain the coffee plant at a height reasonable for easy harvesting.

Coffee Plant Growth and Development

Three to four years after the coffee is planted, sweetly smelling flowers grow in clusters in the axils of the coffee leaves. Fruit is produced only in the new tissue. The Coffea Arabica coffee plant is self-pollinating, whereas the Robusta coffee plant depends on cross pollination. About 6-8 weeks after each coffee flower is fertilized, cell division occurs and the coffee fruit remains as a pin head for a period that is dependent upon the climate. The ovaries will then develop into drupes in a rapid growth period that takes about 15 weeks after flowering. During this time the integument takes on the shape of the final coffee bean. After the rapid growth period the integument and parchment are fully grown and will not increase in size. The endosperm remains small until about 12 weeks after flowering. At this time it will suppress, consume, and replace the integument. The remnants of the integument are what make up the silverskin. The endosperm will have completely filled the cavity made by the integument nineteen weeks after flowing. The endosperm is now white and moist, but will gain dry matter during the next several months. During this time the endosperm attracts more than seventy percent of the total photsynthesates produced by the tree. The mesocarps will expand to form the sweet pulp that surrounds the coffee bean. The coffee cherry will change color from green to red about thirty to thirty-five weeks after flowing.

Coffee Plant Root System

The roots of the coffee tree can extend 20-25 km in total length and the absorbing surface of a tree ranges from 400 to 500 m2 . There are main vertical roots, tap roots, and lateral roots which grow parallel to the ground. The tap roots extend no further than 30-45 cm below the soil surface. Four to eight axial roots may be encountered which often originate horizontally but point downward. The lateral roots can extend 2 m from the trunk. About 80-90% of the feeder root is in the first 20 cm of soil and is 60-90 cm away from the trunk of the coffee tree (Mavolta, 195-196). However, Nutman states that the greatest root concentration is in the 30 to 60 cm depth. The roots systems are heavily affected by the type of soil and the mineral content of the soil. To be thick and strong, the coffee roots need an extensive supply of nitrogen, calcium and magnesium. During planting the main vertical roots are often clipped to promote growth of the the horizontal roots, which then have better access to water and added nutrients in the top soil.

Coffee Leaves

The elliptical leaves of the coffee tree are shiny, dark green, and waxy. The coffee bean leaf area index is between 7 and 8 for a high-yielding coffee . The coffee plant has become a major source of oxygen in much of the world. Each hectare of coffee produces 86 lbs of oxygen per day, which is about half the production of the same area in a rain forest (source: Anacafe).

English: Coffea arabica, Rubiaceae, Arabica Co...
English: Coffea arabica, Rubiaceae, Arabica Coffee, Mountain Coffee, roasted beans. The unroasted dried beans are used in homeopathy as remedy: Coffea (Coff.) Deutsch: Coffea arabica, Rubiaceae, Arabica-Kaffee, Bergkaffe, geröstete Bohnen. Die ungerösteten getrockneten Bohnen werden in der Homöopathie als Arzneimittel verwendet: Coffea (Coff.) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Enhanced by Zemanta

Baliem Arabica Cooperative passed inspection by the CERES

USAID and PT.Freeport Support Cocoa Development in Papua
AMARTA-PADA grantee, Baliem Arabica Cooperative passed inspection by the CERES organization and received Organic Certification status.
9 OCTOBER 2009

Recently, AMARTA-PADA grantee, Baliem Arabica Cooperative passed inspection by the CERES organization and received Organic Certification status. This means that the coffee farmers who are members of the Cooperative successfully demonstrated their comprehension and compliance in growing their coffee organically. In the next quarter the Cooperative members will be inspected by another independent organization, the Rainforest Alliance to ensure the coffee farmers comply with additional rules and regulations. These internationally recognized certifications provide a stamp of approval for the international community and result in a premium price for the Cooperative’s coffee.

The Cooperative also recently gained two new customers interested in purchasing Baliem Valley Arabica coffee. The Amungme Gold Coffee Company, which owns a roasting and packaging facility in Timika recently completed a deal to purchase one ton of green bean coffee, with the possibility to increase the volume in the future. The second customer is PT. Pangansari Utama, which is the catering company at PT. Freeport Indonesia who agreed to buy 12 tons of roasted coffee from the Cooperative per year, or one ton a month, at a price of Rp54,000 per kg. The profit from both deals will go straight to the farmers’ Cooperative to continue buying coffee at a fair price and provide technical and material assistance as needed to the coffee farmers throughout the Baliem Valley.



Enhanced by Zemanta

Controller for KSU Baliem Arabica

We are looking for a controller to be assigned and as governing person for

Coffee (Photo credit: @Doug88888)

cooperative that is purchasing coffee from its organic certified partner
producers. Including and mainly of the task are to control and monitor the
quantity of parchment coffee purchase by cooperative purchasing team,
verifying invoice against actual, administer all entries of purchase invoice
into computer database against farmer seller name, code and quantity for
traceability and for farmer not exceeding sales quota.

Control and records of how many parchment coffee is processed/hulled in factory
to make sure quantity is acrimonious with green bean output, as well as
processing cost.

Control and supervise bean sorting activities, keep records between good and
reject quality bean and quantity is consistently traceable to its previous
original form and place of purchase.

Implement internal control system through coordination with cooperative’
internal inspection team making sure it is properly in function on its tasks
and submit regular reports to cooperative and administer the file both soft
and hard forms, a system established which is aimed at enhancing
cooperative’s elligibility in its current endevour for another certification.
Do regular reporting of finance and project activities progress, issues
happen in the project deserving attention that feedbacks received are to be
followed up and implemented.

Maintain vehicle log that 2 cars will only be used for project related

Person hired is to help create cooperative a proper organisation to carry its
function from procurement, processing to transport and sales activities of
Papua Arabica coffee.

Person we are seeking is not necessarily experienced in coffee but accounting
and finance skill is a must. Troubleshooting, ability to work with people and
some quality of leadership as well as passion to learn and work are quality

Man is more acceptable to working condition, currently living and working in
Wamena is most preferred.

Our project information can be viewed at

Application considered qualified will be immediately responded or please call
if you are residing in Wamena.

Phone:0812 48609476
Email to: inbox…


Enhanced by Zemanta

History of KSU Baliem Arabica, Wamena, West Papua

November 3rd, 2007 – Establishing the Baliem Arabica Cooperative

On the November 3, we invited 50 tribal chiefs from throughout the Baliem valley for a gathering at our Honai (a Honai is a traditional meeting house in Jagara Walesi). We discussed the creation of a farmer’s cooperative for the production of specialty Arabica coffee in the Baliem Valley.
After a six hour meeting, the chiefs agreed to organize the Baliem Arabica Cooperative, which will produce specialty Arabica Coffee for the international market. On December 1, the cooperative was legalized by the government and started work.

December 15th, 2007 – Building the production facility

Together, we fenced the production area and coffee drying space. We also built a new meeting house for the cooperative and extended the storage facility for coffee.

January 3rd, 2008 – Finishing the production facility

Our new warehouse, the meeting house (Honai) and traditional wooden fence officially opened by the head of the Baliem Arabica Cooperative. For this special occasion we roasted two pigs in the traditional style, with vegetables on hot stones covered by leaves and earth. This will insure success and the good wishes of the local ghosts and spirits.

March 15th, 2008 – Transport of Machinery

After two months of waiting, the new processing equipment from Java finally arrived in port of Timika. Transporting this machinery into the Baliem Valley was a huge challenge. We had to dismantle the machines and ship them piece by piece in a small “Cessna” airplane. It took six flights to airlift all the machinery to Wamena, the capital of Baliem Valley. zz

May 27th, 2008 – Completing the processing plant

We finished installing the production machinery quickly, even though the Jagara clan had never done this kind of work before. Everything was installed by the group itself in two days, and we had a lot of fun in the process. Anton, the production manager of the Cooperative, then trained Maximus, Ben, Matheus, and Ceasar how to operate the huller and grading machine.

After some tests and practice, our team learned quickly how to operate the equipment. Then, Aram (Maximus’s father), inspected the machinery and told us that we had to sacrifice a pig in order to get the keep the spirit of the machine happy and healthy. So after we installed and tested the machinery, we selected two big pigs to eat together the next day.

The feast

The next morning at 6:00 AM, we started to prepare the oven. It is built by digging a hole one meter deep, which will be filled with layers of grass, food and heated stones. Meanwhile, Maximus and the eldest member of the community went to slaughter the pigs, following the rituals and rules of the ancestors.

The oven team heated the stones and then wondered why it was taking so long to prepare the pigs. Once everything was ready, the ovens were filled. First, we put in a layer of grass, followed by hot stones, then grass, then a pig, followed by vegetables and sweet potatoes. On top of that came more grass and hot stones, followed by the second pig, more vegetables, grass and stones. The completed oven stood 1.5 meters above the ground. The tribe has been cooking feasts this way for centuries.

Finally, about mid-afternoon, the women decided that the pigs must be done, and the feast could begin. Everyone helped to take apart the steaming mountain of grass, stones, vegetables and meat. The men divided up the meat, so that each family would get an equal share. After an hour, we all sat down together in the afternoon sun and to enjoy our meal.

Later in the afternoon, I went to Pilamo’s house, where we spent the evening talking about world events and other issues. Sometime around midnight we just fell asleep where we were sitting.

June 17th, 2008 – Collecting the coffee

This month, we began buying coffee throughout the Baliem valley. We organized two 4 wheel drive pick-up trucks and gave each group of farmers a date when we would collect the first coffee harvest from them.

Since I‘m keen about off-road driving, I insisted on driving one of the collecting trucks. I also insisted on collecting the coffee from the most remote village, since that would give me more time behind the wheel.

We started at 4:00 AM and finally reached the village of Tiom at 11:00 AM – 7 hours to drive 56 miles! This is the most remote point in the valley that can be reached by vehicle. However, many production areas are even further away, and the coffee is brought to the collection points on foot. After purchasing the coffee and loading the pick-up, we had a quick lunch (canned corned beef, crackers and bananas).

At 13:00, we started back and by 16:00, it was raining hard. In some places, the road turned into a river, and in other places it became a giant mud pit. By nightfall, it was still raining, so we decided to set up camp and wait for the road to turn back into a road. The rain stopped at 4:00, we hit the road again at 5:00 AM. We arrived at the processing plant in Jagara (near Wamena) at 14:00, after a 34 hour round trip.

Our buying Team is doing this trip every week, as well as 12 other locations, some of them easy to reach and other not so easy, to get this coffee to the processing mill. The farmers are also doing their part, because most have to carry the coffee for hours on foot, to reach the collection points. This is just the first part of a long journey that the beans must take to travel from the tree to your cup, wherever you are in the world.

July 29th, 2008 – Processing and grading the coffee

We collected and processed 12 tons of coffee last month. Now we are hand sorting and grading it. The staff who are doing this work were trained for three days, and now they are excellent graders.

Now we have another problem. For the past two weeks, there has been no fuel in Wamena. This means no fuel for the collecting trucks, the processing equipment or the generator. We are told this is because rough seas have prevented tanker ships from supplying Papua. Even under normal conditions, fuel costs three times as much in Wamena as the rest of Indonesia, because it must be air-lifted in from the capital Jayapura (along with everything else).

However, just as we were becoming discouraged, we got some good news. The Government of Papua has agreed to provide the Baliem Arabica Cooperative with a warehouse in Jayapura, free of charge. We will store the green beans in this warehouse, until we accumulate enough to fill a 20 foot container. Now, we need to get the coffee to the port of Jayapura. It will have to be airlifted on the big cargo transports, just like everything else that goes in or out of Wamena—crazy!